FANE, MILDMAY, second EARL OF WESTMORELAND (d. 1665), eldest son of Francis Fane, first earl [see under FANE, SIR THOMAS] by Mary, heir of Sir Anthony Mildmay of Apthorpe, Northamptonshire, was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He represented Peterborough in the Short parliament of 1620-1, was created a knight of the Bath at the coronation of Charles I (1 Feb. 1625), sided with the king on the outbreak of the civil war, and was arrested as a delinquent and lodged in the Tower in 1642. He was, however, released on 1 April 1643 on giving his parole to keep his house in Bartholomew Close, and in the following August was granted permission to take horse exercise within five miles of London. He had been fined 2,000l., and his estates had been sequestered. The sequestration, however, was discharged on his taking the covenant (14 Feb. 1643-4), and at the same time he was set at liberty. In 1648 he printed for private circulation a volume of verse entitled 'Otia Sacra,' and another volume by him entitled 'Fugitive Poetry,' consisting chiefly of epigrams, acrostics, and anagrams in English and Latin, suggested by the events of the interregnum, is among the manuscripts preserved at Apthorpe. In 1652 he headed a petition presented by the Northamptonshire landowners to the council of trade urging that steps should be taken to counteract the efforts of the clothworkers to monopolise the wool trade. His submission to the parliament was overlooked at the Restoration, and he was appointed, jointly with the Earl of Bridgewater, lord-lieutenant of Northamptonshire on 11 July 1660. In 1662 a warrant was issued for the payment to him of 50l. out of the secret service money He died on 12 Feb. 1665. He married twice. His first wife was / p.179 / Grace, daughter of Sir William Thornhurst of Herne, Kent, by whom he had one son, Charles, who succeeded him, and five daughters. She died on 9 April 1640. Shortly afterwards Fane married Mary, second daughter of Horace, lord Vere of Tilbury, widow of Sir Roger Townshend of Raynham, Norfolk, by whom he had a son, Vere Fane, who succeeded his brother Charles as fourth earl, and four daughters.
[Collins's Peerage (Brydges), iii. 295-6; Hist. MSS. Comm. 4th Rep. App. 419; Rep. on Gawdy MSS. 168; Rep. on Westmorland MSS. App. 44; Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1640 p.18, 1641-3 p. 344, 1651-2 p. 471, 1655 p. 269, 1661-2 p. 431; Whitelocke's Mem. pp. 82, 143; Nicolas's Hist. of Knighthood, iii. xvi; Lords' Journ. v. 443, 686, vi. 185, 253 b, 272, 356 a, 425 b, 427 a, 701 b, 703 a.]